About St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital is unlike any other pediatric treatment and research facility anywhere in the world. Discoveries made there have completely changed how the world treats children with cancer and other catastrophic diseases.
The mission of St. Jude Children's Research Hospital is to find cures for children with catastrophic illnesses through research and treatment.
Research efforts are directed at understanding the molecular, genetic and chemical bases of catastrophic diseases in children, identifying cures for such diseases and promoting their prevention. Research is focused specifically on cancers, acquired and inherited immunodeficiencies and genetic disorders.
The current basic and clinical research at St. Jude includes work in gene therapy, bone marrow transplant, chemotherapy, the biochemistry of normal and cancerous cells, radiation treatment, blood diseases, resistance to therapy, viruses, hereditary diseases, influenza, pediatric AIDS and psychological effects of catastrophic illnesses. St. Jude also conducts long-term biostatistical investigations on its patients and is the only pediatric research hospital "Funded by a National Cancer Institute support grant.
About 4,300 patients are seen at St. Jude yearly, most of whom are treated on a continuing outpatient basis as part of ongoing research programs. The hospital also maintains 56 beds for patients requiring hospitalization during treatment. All patients accepted for treatment at St. Jude are treated regardless of the family's ability to pay!
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital was founded by entertainer Danny Thomas and opened in 1962. It is supported primarily by funds from volunteer contributions raised by ALSAC. The national fund-raising organization was established by Danny Thomas expressly for the purpose of funding St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. St. Jude also receives assistance from federal grants (mainly through the National Institutes of Health and the National Cancer Institute), insurance and investments.
One of the most significant events to occur at St. Jude happened in 1996 when Peter Doherty, PhD, Immunology, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine. He was recognized for key discoveries he made about the workings of the immune system. It is the highest award a scientist can win.
The hospital's daily operating costs are fast approaching $1 million a day, which are primarily covered by public contributions. St. Jude has about 2,400 employees.
St. Jude currently has four affiliate hospitals: the St. Jude Midwest Affiliate in Peoria, Illinois; LSU Health Sciences Center in Shreveport, Louisiana; Our Lady of the Lake Regional Medical Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana; and the St. Jude Tri–Cities Affiliate in Johnson City, Tennessee